I had never heard the term "bone broth" until I went paleo and started reading paleo blogs. This seems to be the universal term in the paleo world and I'm curious why it is used instead of the far more common term, "stock". Am I simply unaware that there is a difference?
In the restaurants I've worked in, and cookbooks that I have frequented, the difference is:
Broth = Flavorful stock from animal products, veggies, and herbs that can be consumed on it's own or with the addition of other ingredients in a soup. Can be a base ingredient as well and used as a stock with the exception of consomme (certain veggies will not clarify enough). Defatting and fine-filtering is optional.
Stock = Unflavored, usually unsalted, cooked down meat sources (usually just marrow) and vegetables (optional and usually excluded) for use in consomme, gelatin, and base for broths/soups/sauces/risoto. Also used to add body to an existing broth or soup. Defatting (chill-skimming) and fine-filtering is usually mandatory.
Consomme = Stock that has been flavored, then clarified (with the use of eggs, irish moss, and other agents) to make a very clear, very rich, gelatinous soup.
There are not fixed definitions for these terms broth and stock.
The reason the term "bone broth" is almost universally used by in the paleo world, at least in the US, is I think almost entirely due to the influence of Sally Fallon and the Weston A. Price foundation.
They have been going on about it for a long time and as they usually use the term bone broth, people have picked up the term from them.
To be more confusing here in Britain a "broth" is used to mean a meat or fish soup usually with barley, rice or pulses added to it. A bone broth would be called a stock here.
Very simple: Stock is something refined that a cook produces in a kitchen. Broth is something far more primeval that a caveman would produce over an open fire...after tearing the meat off the bones with his teeth.
Stock is for wimps. Broth is for Groks.
Okay, I disagree with all the previous answers! :-))
The traditional stockpot was a mixture of bones and vegetables--all edible food scraps, basically. Here on PH, people use the term bone broth because they don't always add vegetables--they may cook and drink it as pure meat broth.
In my case, I call mine bone broth stew because after the first 8 hours of simmering meaty bones I do add vegetables. I use large quantities of marrow bones so my broth is more dense (and fatty) than traditional stock. And I usually add additional vegetables as I work through the broth and meat.
I used to be confused about this and so are many recipes, websites. But I think Wikipedia has done a good job:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broth More liquid, water based that may have bone, but almost always has some meat except vegetable broth which is really inaccurate and relatively new because broth traditionally always had some animal parts
In the US some cooking schools make broth from meat vs. stock from bones.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stock_(food) More likely to have bones and connective tissue so more gelatinous.
I think both are tasty and have their uses, but nutritionally which is better? I guess it depends what type of nutrition you are looking for - more collagen, minerals, etc?
I think bone broth came about as a distinction for "modern" cooks who never knew how to make a stock or broth. Not too many people out there in the general public eating the SAD diet know that a broth is made with bones. They think bones are waste products to be thrown away or given to their dog. Thats why its almost impossible to buy meat in the grocery store with a bone in it or any fat on it either.
Perhaps technically there is some difference (according to what authority?), but I've always thought of stock in relation to cooking and broth in relation to taking it by itself or in a soup.
I think this is one of those hip-hop vs. rap questions where you ask ten people and get ten wildly different answers.
Beef Bone Broth 6 Answers
Did i just throw away my gellatin? 1 Answer
Bone Broth and Toxin 4 Answers