Could someone please explain to me how the paleo diet can benefit someone who's suffering from gout? I understand that gout is one of the illnesses that fall under syndrome x, and that paleo can eliminate almost all of those illnesses, but how?
Does paleo inhibit or alter the production of uric acid?
Thank you in advance.
I think there are two issues here: what causes gout and what to do once you have it.
It is pretty clear that fructose is the major villain, as Peter at Hyperlipid and Taubes so amply demonstrate. Some extensive research on gout has been done by HK Choi.
However, neither of them speak to the problem of treating gout. Obviously, eliminating fructose is the first step, but elevated uric acid levels have a tendency to stick around even after reducing or eliminating fructose from your diet.
A potential problem with a paleo approach is that, according to Lyle McDonald in his Ketogenic Diet book, ketones compete with uric acid for elimination through the kidneys. So, if one is eating a VLC paleo diet, ketones in the urine could mean less uric acid elimination.
I had my first gout attack in April 2009; my uric acid levels were 7.8 mg/dL. I was eating paleo at the time, and fairly LC (less than 75g/day); I think the attack was triggered by exercise (I had just started some HIIT).
I continued to eat LC, and went VLC (20 g or less per day) for about two months before my test in November 2009. The result: uric acid level of 9.6 mg/dL! To be fair, uric acid levels are supposed to be lower after an attack, but I didn't expect that kind of jump.
One issue that is pertinent here is the acid/alkaline issue. A lot of it is new agey, vegetarianism hokus pokus, but some of it isn't. Uric acid is a weak acid, and more soluble in a alkaline environment, making it easier for elimination.
I read about this study on PubMed, and started taking sodium bicarbonate in water, once in the morning and once at night (1/2 tsp each dose). I also made my own magnesium bicarbonate water (recipe here) to limit sodium intake and increase magnesium. I did this for about a month before my last test.
Results: uric acid levels have come down to 8.2, not quite as low as after my first attack, but definitely headed in the right direction.
Long story short: if you have gout, eat paleo and monitor (and adjust) urine pH.
Petro Dobromylskyj or "Peter from Hyperlipid" as he is generally known has a written a thorough explanation of how fructose drives uric acid production by depriving the body of phosphate needed to make ATP, ultimately leading to gout. A paleo diet limits fructose to sane quantities by eliminating all the High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) and sugar used to sweeten everything in the SAD. I suspect it also makes phosphate more available for the production of ATP through other means (mitochondrial rehabilitation, Vitamin D3 normalization, perhaps) but that is just my speculation.
although I dont doubt that fructose and HFCS are bad for you, we dont have HFCS here in England, the cause of gout is usually high purine level from food which causes uric acid levels to rise and create needle like crystals to form in the joints, the best cure for it is to eat about 10 cherries a day or any food with cherry extract in it and drink plenty of water to keep the body flushed out I have had gout for over 20 years and I am a woman which is a mystery to the doctors as to why I have gout lol but also cut all alcohol expecially beer and brewers and bakers yeast as found in marmite/vegemite. Red meat and pork are definitely a no no as well as shell fish and fish, legumes and pulses too. I have stuck to this diet and I very rarely get an attack now. xx
Richard J. Johnson MD (chief of nephrology, hypertension, and transplantation at University of FL in Gainesville; former chief of nephrology and director of renal transplantation at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston) has been studying - and proving - the fructose-uric acid connection for much of his more than 25 year career, mostly in the areas of hypertension and kidney disease. I'm now reading his book "The Sugar Fix." He's not Paleo - by a long shot - but amply proves his case against fructose.
Fructose, as we're now learning, is really just incredibly toxic - magnitudes more harmful than starch, which is glucose. High blood pressure, gout, coronary artery disease, obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, fatty liver disease, etc. etc. It even wrecks insulin sensitivity for all other carbs and sugars and shuts down satiety signals to your brain. When you eat fructose, it doesn't satisfy and you uncontrollably want to eat more and more.
Whether the fructose comes from high-fructose corn sryup, fruit, or the small amount of sucrose in the dark chocolate I sometimes enjoy makes little difference. I'm taking a hard look at how much fruit and berries I've been eating, thinking that they were Paleo because they weren't grains or legumes. An apple has almost 16 times as much fructose as a Russet potato, for crying out loud! Even a cup of blueberries has over twelve times as much. Yikes.
All you need to do to beat gout is in here: http://goutandyou.com/ Make sure to eat 80% carbs (frutis, vegetables and grains) 10% protein in lean meats and scale fish and 10% fat in dairy products, why? Because carbs burn clean and don't need that much work from the kidneys to break it down, so less uric acid is produced. Obviously, eating cherries, taking vitamin C, turmeric, alfalfa, drinking coffee and green tea are very popular ways in beating gout. Also make sure to limit alcohol and sugar especially HFCS (high fructose corn syrup), furthermore adding baking soda and apple cider vinegar in a glass of water is a very popular home remedy in relieving the gout sufferer of a gout attack and/or to lower uric acid levels in their body.
Fascinating thread. Like others I've noticed fuctose in the form of fresh fruit agrivates my symptoms (high bp, joint aches) and I'm wondering if it's because my liver is clogged or damaged from previous years of HFCS consumption. I have to stay under 10 grams to avoid pain. I also have other indications of decreased liver function. I use the chart 1/2 way down on this page: http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2010/07/22/high-fructose-diet-contributes-to-high-blood-pressure.aspx
Maybe fresh fruit/fructose in larger doses would be fine if it not for residual liver damage. If memory serves right the study (Univ of MD?) that did the big study on 2 sets of rats with identical diets and environments -1 on sucrose the 2nd of HFCS only ran for 6 months. And in that 6 months the HFCS rats showed significant liver scarring and damage. What about in humans who've been eating it (unknowingly in many cases) for decades? What kind of livers damage do we have? If I'm not mistaken fructose has to go through the liver to be processed. Maybe the sensitivity we're seeing with fruit fructose is for those whose livers are still healing.
Some of the statements here about fructose are amazing. Surely the Hadza or the inhabitants of Kitava, who eat fruits in great amounts, all suffer from gout. The longest living people in the world, the Okinawans, likewise eat fruits in great amounts. I myself eat six apples a day, plus some other fruits every day, six months a year and watermelon and other fruits the rest of the year. My father in law eats about six apples a day and is very active at 80. Yes, my pressure is quite low. Perhaps all of you meant "refined sugars" ?
I have been a gout sufferer for the past 10 years. 6 weeks ago I started the Paleo diet, and have had amazing results. Here is my blog post on the matter:
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