The idea of 'detoxing' is often used to promote trivial, silly or dangerous ideas. As a bad idea, 'detoxing' is a sort of extension of the medieval notion of expelling 'bad humours' from the body. It is the same rationale that caused physicians to bleed patients for every imaginable condition.
As a 'good' idea e.g.: transition out of a bad habit, ceasing consumption of a bad substance etc. the idea of 'detoxing' can be legit.
For more information on bogus 'detoxing' check out Quackwatch's page. http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/detox.html
Lemon juice- contains limonene which helps promote helps the liver clear bile and assists the glutathione s-transferase in the liver. So I'd incorporate lemon into your diet (salads, in water, etc.)
cayenne pepper- contains capsacin which stimulates the production of bile
maple syrup- probably just to make the concoction palatable?
Other things you can do:
eat more kale (and other crucifers)- contains sulforaphane, assists in the conversion of toxins to nontoxic waste.
eat eggs- eggs contain sulfur-based amino acids with assist in the bile production and acts as a transporter in the phase 2 detoxification pathway.
drink cranberry juice- through some combination of the anthocyananins and antioxidants it assist both phase 1 and phase 2 detoxification pathways.
avoid supplements containing green tea extract or watch your liver enzymes closely while ingesting them.
And for what it's worth I wouldn't worry too much if you've wrecked your body long-term from alcoholism. We are very resilient creatures, and your liver can entirely regenerate itself in a matter of months.
Just be careful of anything containing fructose (or sucrose which is half fructose) as it hits the same kinds of pathways as alcohol does in the liver. Maple syrup for example is fairly high in sucrose. You're probably better off doing an IF instead.
An intermittent fast, or even an extended one where you consume some good quality coconut oil (as a source of ketones) might work better. But don't over do it as you'll need quality protein for repairs.
Well, the lemonade fast wasnt easy to do but it did help me when I did it for 7 days. It helped reset my palate and it made me realize how much we eat out of boredom. It also kept me from starving or getting low blood sugar...I quit smoking when I started this fast and by day seven I had completely forgot about cigarettes as all I could think about was food! It also was one of the gateway experiences toward a healthier lifestyle...so I can't knock it. It is not bogus...it does take discipline. I think there are many different paths to a healthy lifestyle.
The answer to your question is not a simple one. In my understanding and experience, holistic health approaches involve multiple practices that come together to support healing. Doing something like the Master Cleanse requires an understanding of how detox works, of supporting elimination pathways, of being ready to deal with emotional stuff that may come up, of understanding how to come off the detox, and other factors. Doing a liver cleanse without understanding the bigger picture can be ineffective at least and potentially dangerous. Plus, if you're going to do a cleanse for more than 2 or 3 days you risk losing muscle mass.
If you're interested in holistic health I'd encourage you to start small, maybe do some intermittent fasting or fast one day a week or do a day or two of juice or broth to understand how your body does without solid food.
It's called the master cleanse. http://themastercleanse.org/ and http://calorielab.com/news/2008/07/17/master-cleanse-in-detail/
I did it for three days two years ago and didn't see any major results. You're supposed to do it for 10, but I decided that 10 days was too long to intentionally make myself miserable. The "lemonade" was awful as was the tea you're supposed to drink at night. I do have a few friends who did it for the full 10 days and all said that while they'll probably never do it again it was rejuvenating.
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