From the article intro:
Let's get this straight: The number of people who go from fat to thin, and stay there, statistically rounds down to zero.
Every study says so. No study says otherwise. None.
Oh, you can lose a ton of weight. You'll gain it back. Here's one study running the numbers. Here's a much larger analysis of every long-term weight loss study they could find. They all find the exact same thing: You can lose and keep off some minor amount, 10 or 15 pounds, for the rest of your life -- it's hard, but it can be done. Rarer cases may keep off a little more. But no one goes from actually fat to actually thin and stays thin permanently.
One of the reasons I am eating Paleo is weight loss. Now, I would keep eating this way due to my overall health even with little to no loss. But I still need to drop quite a bit.
Any others have lasting success with Paleo?
What real science should be quoted to refute the assertions made by such an article?
EDIT:Yes I know cracked is a comedy site. Just because they want to be funny does not mean the author does not have a goal, agenda, message he wants his readers to respond to.
Hi, Westroxel. I'm probably going to say some things you don't want to hear, so feel free to down vote :)
In order to get obese, you have to have eaten a hyper caloric diet consisting largely of hyper-palitable foods and other neolithic agents of disease (food toxins, broadly). In the process of consuming this crappy hyper caloric diet, you both a) increase your set point and b) invoke an adverse internal environment comprised of at least one of the following (in actuality probably 3 or more): insulin resistance, leptin resistance, increased gut permeability, food allergies, gluten intolerance, and hormonal abnormalities.
Now, the problem with mainstream/conventional dieting is it really has, until very recently, done nothing to address any of the aforementioned issues. Instead the focus is on "losing weight" via calorie restriction. For two reasons this will result in inevitable failure (both of which paleo folks hate to hear). First, if you are doing nothing to address the any of the aforementioned issues, so they will rear their ugly heads and absolutely hinder you progress and ability to fulfill your physical potential. Luckly, the paleo diet is very good at eliminating those NADs and curing many of the aforementioned problems. However, you will not cure your insulin resistance by going ketogenic- you will be masking it. If So, in that way you will not fulfill your physical potential by eating a keto-paleo diet.
Second, if you eat a hypo caloric diet consistently, your body will lose leptin sensitivity, and will go into self preservation mode by hoarding any and all calories, causing you to reduce them further and further hoarding of calories as stored body fat (because it's not going to liberate any fat or other nutrients to build and repair muscle and drop fat in the middle of a famine- fat is a reserve source of energy). Get it? Calorie restriction will make you fatter. The only way you will ever be able to eat a hyper caloric or maintenance diet is if you recomposition your body, so it builds lean muscle and drops body fat. The BEST way to do this is combined weight and HIIT training with strategic use of carbohydrates to give your body the energy to build muscle, workout out with intensity, boost leptin, and increase insulin sensitivity. Now that you're getting leaner (shedding fat and building muscle) you require even more calories because muscle burns more calories than fat. Now you keep increasing calories and you've turned yourself into a machine and metabolic furnace. Everyone on paleohacks who is eating low calorie, ketogenic diets is putting a bandaid on a bullet wound and I think will either inevitably live in misery from self starvation (speaking from experience, I know what starvation feels like and how horrible it is for your psyche and your body composition) OR from gaining the weight back and being depressed because about it. The only way to not fall into this trap is to eat a toxin free (or very low toxin diet) and eat carbohydrates to boost leptin and restore insulin sensitivity and to engage in some combination of resistance and HIIT training to increase insulin sensitivity and nutrient uptake and influence a positive overall health and hormonal balance.
Those are my views and you can take them or leave them. Anecdotally, I self-starved for a long time and was really skinny (at 58lbs, but whose counting?), but ironically fatter than I am now. Then I ate roughly 400 calories a day, once a day and workout out too. Now I eat 3500 for maintenance and can certainly eat more and gain zero body fat (it will just go to muscle or more intense workouts). I workout probably a quarter of the amount that I used to. That's just anectodatal, and in some ways overcoming anorexia is not a far cry from overcoming obesity- both are addictive, both certainly destroy leptin sensitivity, and both create adverse hormonal environments. You could just as well argue that I was one of the successfully conventional dieters in the short term...but then I got smarter :)
So, do not get discouraged by this, Get encouraged, and take it as a learning opportunity not to diet with the intention of losing weight and not to do it by reducing calories. You're already taking good steps in repairing many of the issues by eating a paleo, low NAD diet. Now you have my thoughts on the next steps to absolutely attain your physical potential and maintain it for a lifetime.
A lot of people talk about "energy balance," but really, for all intents and purposes when you're talking about a human (or animal) body it's energy utilization. Are you gonna hoard what little calories your giving yourself as fat, or are you going to liberate fat and use your calories for building lean muscle mass?
So, in a nutshell, do NOT follow conventional dieting wisdom and do NOT follow conventional paleo-dieting wisdom either. Follow a low NAD/toxin diet with sufficient calories, and put them to good use by building leptin and insulin sensitivity, as well as a positive hormonal balance. There is my rebuttal and that is the fountain of youth. I hope you do something positive with this information and make yourself an outlier.
For a guide, let's say you weigh 250lbs(?), and you think that you would make a good, lean 200lb dude. Eat the amount of calories a 200lb active dude would with the amount of body fat and muscle mass you would like to be at. Eat like him, train like him, become him. He is your future self, and do everything like he would do as if you were him...today and everyday. Be him now and he'll be you a in the future. That's how you do it, I promise.
There isn't anything technically wrong with that article, in terms of what studies he's quoting. Those are legitimate results. But the conclusion that he draws--that it's physically and biologically impossible to lose weight and keep it off--is absolute garbage.
It's like saying that I have a rock that I keep in my pocket that prevents tiger attacks. Since I've never been attacked by a tiger, it must be working--science supports it!
The fact is that many people, when starting on a weight loss program, relapse because they don't find something that works appropriately for them. That's why you always hear people talking about lifestyle changes. You can't do slim-fast for two months, then revert to your original diet without any other changes, and expect to keep the weight off. That's essentially what those studies did, because no one would sign up for a lifetime longitudinal study, and no research dollars would ever go to support something like that. Trials are set up with a beginning, middle, and end that are necessarily defined so that they can be controlled effectively. That's why you don't ever get crazy results. And yes, statistically speaking, bariatric surgery is the only way to "effectively" keep weight off, because it's the only thing that data has actually been generated to support. The reason for that isn't because it's the only thing that works, but rather it's the only thing that's been studied that works. You have to always examine the inputs before you can evaluate conclusions.
Basically, the proper way to interpret the results from those trials isn't that science has proven that weight loss is statistically impossible (for one, that's a horrifyingly wrong statement, as science can only disprove things by definition). The only way that you could possibly make that claim is if you're attempting to follow the trial protocol to a T--including the period of time that you're on the diet, exactly what meals they ate, and THEN you go off of the diet immediately after the study period specified. The devil's in the details with those trials.
If you want to lose weight and do your diet, then do it. Don't let anyone stop you, and be careful about people who misinterpret relatively narrow clinical trials. People who lose tons of weight and keep it off aren't part of those trials. Does that mean that they don't exist? Absolutely not. Just because there isn't published data about that doesn't mean that they're not real. It just means that scientists haven't figured out how to ask the right questions.
I've been on paleo for over four years now. Initially, it took me five months to lose 50 lbs., which was probably a little too much weight. I've put back about 5-7 lbs. by eating fruit more regularly and having the occasional cheat of organic apple pie or some other treat. The only way I can imagine that the weight will come back is if I start drinking alcohol again and eating the garbage I used to eat.
Well if you study "structured weight loss programs" you will see different long-term effects than studying "permanent lifestyle changes".
I lost 100 pounds by eating lower carb, then kept it off for years by eating only slightly higher carb (i.e. not going back to my previous way of eating). I am now working to lose the rest, which is easier now that I've embraced paleo (and embraced eating fat). 36 pounds down since January, 44 still to go...
here is all the scientific proof you need ::
Whenever I read studies about the failure of "diets", I always wonder whether they fail simply because people can't stay on the diet and hence regain the weight. Since Paleo is so satisfying, it's easier to stay on = sustained weight loss for life!
It's a valid observation - the vast majority of people who lose weight by dietary modification are destined to put it back on. There are numerous clinical studies that support this.
When behavior modification is also implemented the results are better. As is the case with education, which is probably why paleo is likely to have better success rate, however, this hypothesis has not been tested in a clinical trial.
The only intervention that has demonstrated lasting results in a clinical setting is surgery or balloon placement.
The problem is that as soon as motivation flags appetite kicks in and the weight regain is inevitable.
Cracked is a comic funny magazine.
The conclusion is based upon the fact that virtually everyone in these studies is eating wrong. Paleo people get the fat off and it stays off. In fact, fasting with raw veggie juice and a few eggs every day is a snap, which I happen to be doing right now. But it would not be a snap if I was not a fat-burner (thanks to being paleo for several months and eating very low carbs) and if I strayed into drinking fruit juice or anything else with a lot of carbs/sugar.
The number of people that have lost a significant amount of weight (more than 10% of their body weight) without surgery is so small, statistically, that it can never be "true." There are less than 6000 people in the national weight loss registry, out of a population approaching 300 million.
However, there are many people who have improved their health without changing weight. Eating fewer processed foods, cutting out gluten and sugar, eating more saturated fats, these are all things that make us "healthier" without losing weight.
The only people I know that have lost 100 plus pounds either did it "without trying," or have dedicated their lives to the pursuit of weight loss (aka became motivational speakers or fitness instructors), or developed eating disorders, or had surgery (or some combination of the latter three.).
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