•Flour tortillas have a GI of 30, compared to a GI of 72 for wheat bread, because tortillas are made with lard.
•Butter reduces the glycemic index of French bread from 95 to 65.
•A Pizza Hut Super Supreme Pizza has a GI of 30, whereas a Vegetarian Supreme has a GI of 49.
JS suggests that the reason fat does this is that it lowers the gastric emptying rate, and cites a study which showed that adding fat to starches could increase the gastric emptying time – the time for food to leave the stomach – by 50%. 
What’s interesting to me here is that what we really care about is not the glycemic index, but the peak blood glucose level attained after a meal. It is blood glucose levels above 140 mg/dl only that are harmful, and the harm is proportional to how high blood glucose levels rise above 140 mg/dl. So it’s the spikes we want to avoid.
But another paper shows that gastric emptying rate is even more closely tied to peak blood glucose level than it is to glycemic index. From :
So combining a starch with fat may reduce peak blood glucose levels even more than it reduces the glycemic index; which is a good thing.
Can someone also elaborate on how the liver becomes insulin resistant by consuming (especially) saturated fat and if it's something one should worry about long term? Sorry if I'm hijacking the thread, but I think the question is somewhat related as we're talking about the absorption of fat and carbs.