My sleep has been all over the place since I started eating paleo/primal, but I think I finally have it figured out, making a series of changes that has now resulted in regular solid 8 hour sleep for me.
I have always had occasional insomnia: I would fall asleep easily at 9:30, but wake up between 1:00 and 3:00 am and lie awake for two hours before falling back to sleep. When I first changed to this diet from WAPF, I tried keeping carbs at 50/day while also trying to IF, not having breakfast until at least 10:00, often noon. During this period, I started having trouble getting to sleep in the first place, something that had never happened before.
At this time, I took Dragonfly's (and many other people's) recommendation to take magnesium at night and that definitely helped. I fell asleep more easily, but would still wake up sometime in the night. I then added Vitamin D3/K2 in the morning per another person's (again, maybe Dragonfly) recommendation and started eating more like 100-120 carbs/day and sleep was better...I could fall asleep easily again. I also install flux on my Macbook since sadly, I am usually on it just before bed.
The latest change I have made which has made a noticable difference is I gave up waiting so long to eat breakfast after reading here about manipulating one's cortisol rhythm by eating closer to when you get up. The idea is that you make it higher first thing in the morning, so that by nighttime, it is naturally lower and doesn't interfere with your sleep. This has definitely worked for me. I love the idea of IF and I always workout faster at 6:30 am, but for me, having an early breakfast has seemed like the missing piece in this on-going sleep-puzzle. At first it was hard, because my body didn't want to eat anything before at least 10:00 am, but after a few days, I do get hunger signals at 8:00.
I'll just throw one other random thing into the mix....I also started doing 1000 Kegels/day (I have a long commute and am in general, an exercise freak). I have read that this might help suppress the feeling that you have to pee, which is always why I ever woke up.
It feels so good to have this figured out! I am 48, and we are always told that sleep will just get worse as one ages. I am happy to say that for me, and thanks to all these wonderful ideas from my fellow Paleohackers, it just isn't true.