Dr. Richard Bernstein's book, The Diabetes Solution, has some of that information. Some foods cause the blood sugar to rise quickly, some cause it to rise very high, some do both.
For a healthy, stable blood sugar, the foods which are slow-acting, and cause only a small rise in blood sugar are good choices.
Here are parts of it, online:
According to the reports I've read at Pubmed, and the posts I've read at diabetic forums, the amount one's blood sugar rises, how quickly and how much, and the amount of insulin which is produced is different in each person, even when eating those good food choices.
And if the health of the pancreas changes, those responses change.
The insulin response list would change according to what one has eaten, how tired one is, if one is under different stress, or ill, etc.
Diabetics, and others, avoid sweets and starches, and count total carbs, net carbs, or carbs minus half the fiber, depending on which method they use.
There is also something called the Cephalic Phase Insulin Response, which is the insulin produced in response to smelling, looking at, looking at photographs of, tasting (but not eating), thinking about food, or watching advertisements for food on television. You can read about it at Pubmed.
Hope this helps a bit.