They did a ranking of 20 different diets and paleo was considered the worst. I can understand why it might not be at the top of the list since it's not SAD, but the last overall?
Star ratings reflect scores of 1 to 5 assigned to the Paleo diet in seven categories by nutritionists, specialists in diabetes and heart disease, and other diet experts on a ratings panel assembled by U.S.News. The Paleo diet came out at or near the bottom in every category, and ranked dead last overall. Experts rarely gave it anything above a 2, and were especially critical of its nutritional completeness, cost, and its applicability for weight loss and for preventing or controlling diabetes and heart disease. Most agreed with one panelist who said, "This diet should go back where it came from."
Ouch! Here is their summary of the diet: http://health.usnews.com/best-diet/paleo-diet
Do you think this is an accurate representation of paleo? What are they missing that we all seem to be benefiting from?
As it's been pointed out, we can voice our opinion in the first link where it says "Did this diet work for you?" next to each one.
Based on the responses, here are some of the success rates. I think the numbers speak for themselves.
UPDATE: I came across this article on a paleo restaurant in Berlin and saw this quote.
Earlier this year, thousands of people rated the Paleo diet the best way to lose weight, despite a report claiming it was ineffective. A U.S. News and World Report said the regime, otherwise known as the Caveman diet, would 'likely disappoint... and was the least effective for weight loss.' But a poll beneath the review revealed that 3,292 people said that the diet had worked for them, compared with just 85 who said that it didn't.
It's nice to see people are looking at the results of the poll.
I'd say that looking at their idea of a healthy diet bottom is exactly where we want to be.
"How much does it cost?
It may be pricey—the produce section and meat counter are among the priciest corners of the grocery store."
That statement says it all. What a sad predicament we find ourselves in, when the "experts" recommend eating things that come in boxes from a factory rather than from a farm because it's cheaper.
Where I take issue: they do the breakdown on how the diet stacks up in protein, carbs and fat...and each paragraph says how paleo does or does not meet the "government's recommendations." Based on today's headlines about figures in our government, I'm gonna stick with what I know works and isn't more about some powerful food lobby and whose pockets they are lining...
“First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.” ~ Mahatma Gandhi
Barfing all over the place wouldn't even give a fair picture representation of what I think of the "nutritionalists" that are responsible for these rankings.
Did you see the Volumetrics diet that ranked #5? Did you see what you can eat on this 'diet'? This is where the stupidity of human nature astounds me. "Go ahead and eat any freaking thing you want, so long as yada yada yada...." Ridiculous. Can you lose weight? Perhaps, but you might die of heart disease and diabetes several weeks later.
Anyway, I could pick apart and annihilate a lot of other parts of this, but really it's not worth our time. This is bogus.
Most of what is said about the Paleo diet on your second link is actually positive. There's some misinformation about fats and stuff, but I found the info to be fairly accurate and positive. So I'm not sure where the nutritionalists felt these points would garner a last place ranking amoung these other disgusting diets. Seems like something weird is going on with the ranking choices.
Do you see the pictures of food for many of the other diets? Pancakes and syrup... French Toast... wtf???
Look at what they say as a key positive for "Medifast" >> "Nutritionally Sound". Really? Shakes, Bars, Oatmeal, low fat dairy, lean meats, cheesepuffs?
Idiotic. I like to be a positive person in general, but this hurts my belief in people to see this. Blecckkkk.
Thanks for posting this Jess. As much as it hurts, I suppose it's good to be aware of it. But I gotta go read something intelligent now so I can remember that there are people that don't have mashed potatoes for brains.
They mention that "the government says" or the "government recommends" numerous times throughout. If over the last 30 years the government has said this, that, or the other, and people are still getting fatter, unhealthier, and more diseased, they're clearly missing the common denominator in all this.
Mei-ling hit it on the head, questioning common sense. Or, as the old saying goes "if you always do what you've always done, you'll always get what you've always gotten." Clearly the top-rated and "best" diets haven't worked. Wouldn't it make even a tiny bit of sense to try something completely opposite (i.e. paleo)?
Well, if the conventional diet recommendations are resulting in how people currently look and feel, and considering what the overall state of human health is, I'd say doing the exact opposite of what everybody else is doing is a great place to start.
Being at the bottom of their upside down rating system lets me know the paleo diet is actually on top.
He who laughs last, laughs best.
I'm about 30 pounds lighter now, I'm stronger, I'm toned, and I can run like a man half of my age. I'm also eliminating medications I've been on for about 5 years. Coming in last sure feel good.
It seems that this article measures each diet against the US government requirements / recommendations. What it doesn't do is measure results.
Until there is a big 5 year study with a bunch of people sticking to all of these diets in a controlled environment and we can then compare the results (don't hold your breath), the only thing the nutrition publications can do is compare the diets to "recommendations". Nevermind that it is these recommendations that made the public so unhealthy to begin with.
The fallacy is that the article basically says "if you follow the government recommendations, you'll be healthy" and "if you're on a diet, we'll compare it to recommendations to tell you how healthy it is". The problem is that the recommendations DON'T make people healthy. This is like saying "the best way to get a job is to have a pompadour hair style" and then comparing all hair styles to the pompadour and providing elaborate rankings on how closely they match. But the basic premise is wrong.
You wonder where they get their data too. For instance it says that it is "unknown" if the Paleo diet helps with diabetes. Yet you can Google up dozens of testimonials that it does. You can also find testimonials that it helps with IBD, weight loss, skin and hair conditions, energy levels, and a host of other things. But I guess until this data is found in a government-funded study, it doesn't count. And guess what, the government will never fund such a study.
I'm not sure if you've seen this or not, but US News ranked Paleo last of 20 diets claiming a lack of scientific evidence and no-long term weight maintenance guidelines. I'm not sure if you'd be interested in defending it or not, but if you'd be willing to provide specific refutations of their claims, I'd like to write a response piece for the Colorado State University Collegian to run next Wednesday, my deadline is Saturday.
June 8, 2011
Good to hear from you and many thanks for your continued support of the Paleo Diet. I hadn’t seen this piece, but I appreciate that you have brought it to my attention. It is obvious that whoever wrote this piece did not do their homework and has not read the peer review scientific papers which have examined contemporary diets based upon the Paleolithic food groups which shaped the genomes of our ancestors. Accordingly the writer’s conclusions are erroneous and misleading. I feel strongly that it is necessary to point out these errors and make this information known to a much wider audience than those reached by the readers of the U.S. News and World Report. You have my permission to syndicate my response and or your write up for the CSU Collegian to any of the major news services including AP and UPI. Additionally, I will copy a number of colleagues and scientists worldwide with this message to ensure that it will be widely circulated on the web, blogs and chat groups.
The writer of this article suggests that the Paleo Diet has only been scientifically tested in “one tiny study”. This quote is incorrect as five studies (1-7); four since 2007, have experimentally tested contemporary versions of ancestral human diets and have found them to be superior to Mediterranean diets, diabetic diets and typical western diets in regards to weight loss, cardiovascular disease risk factors and risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
The first study to experimentally test diets devoid of grains, dairy and processed foods was performed by Dr. Kerin O’Dea at the University of Melbourne and published in the Journal, Diabetes in 1984 (6). In this study Dr. O’Dea gathered together 10 middle aged Australian Aborigines who had been born in the “Outback”. They had lived their early days primarily as hunter gatherers until they had no choice but to finally settle into a rural community with access to western goods. Predictably, all ten subjects eventually became overweight and developed type 2 diabetes as they adopted western sedentary lifestyles in the community of Mowwanjum in the northern Kimberley region of Western Australia. However, inherent in their upbringing was the knowledge to live and survive in this seemingly desolate land without any of the trappings of the modern world.
Dr. O’Dea requested these 10 middle aged subjects to revert to their former lives as hunter gatherers for a seven week period. All agreed and traveled back into the isolated land from which they originated. Their daily sustenance came only from native foods that could be foraged, hunted or gathered. Instead of white bread, corn, sugar, powdered milk and canned foods, they began to eat the traditional fresh foods of their ancestral past: kangaroos, birds, crocodiles, turtles, shellfish, yams, figs, yabbies (freshwater crayfish), freshwater bream and bush honey. At the experiment’s conclusion, the results were spectacular, but not altogether unexpected given what known about Paleo diets, even then. The average weight loss in the group was 16.5 lbs; blood cholesterol dropped by 12 % and triglycerides were reduced by a whopping 72 %. Insulin and glucose metabolism became normal, and their diabetes effectively disappeared.
The first recent study to experimentally test contemporary Paleo diets was published in 2007 (5). Dr. Lindeberg and associates placed 29 patients with type 2 diabetes and heart disease on either a Paleo diet or a Mediterranean diet based upon whole grains, low-fat dairy products, vegetables, fruits, fish, oils, and margarines. Note that the Paleo diet excludes grains, dairy products and margarines while encouraging greater consumption of meat and fish. After 12 weeks on either diet blood glucose tolerance (a risk factor for heart disease) improved in both groups, but was better in the Paleo dieters. In a 2010 follow-up publication, of this same experiment the Paleo diet was shown to be more satiating on a calorie by calorie basis than the Mediterranean diet because it caused greater changes in leptin, a hormone which regulates appetite and body weight.
In the second modern study (2008) of Paleo Diets, Dr. Osterdahl and co-workers (7) put 14 healthy subjects on a Paleo diet. After only three weeks the subjects lost weight, reduced their waist size and experienced significant reductions in blood pressure, and plasminogen activator inhibitor (a substance in blood which promotes clotting and accelerates artery clogging). Because no control group was employed in this study, some scientists would argue that the beneficial changes might not necessarily be due to the Paleo diet. However, a better controlled more recent experiments showed similar results.
In 2009, Dr. Frasetto and co-workers (1) put nine inactive subjects on a Paleo diet for just 10 days. In this experiment, the Paleo diet was exactly matched in calories with the subjects’ usual diet. Anytime people eat diets that are calorically reduced, no matter what foods are involved, they exhibit beneficial health effects. So the beauty of this experiment was that any therapeutic changes in the subjects’ health could not be credited to reductions in calories, but rather to changes in the types of food eaten. While on the Paleo diet either eight or all nine participants experienced improvements in blood pressure, arterial function, insulin, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. What is striking about this experiment is how rapidly so many markers of health improved, and that they occurred in every single patient.
In an even more convincing recent (2009) experiment, Dr. Lindeberg and colleagues (2) compared the effects of a Paleo diet to a diabetes diet generally recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes. The diabetes diet was intended to reduce total fat by increasing whole grain bread and cereals, low fat dairy products, fruits and vegetables while restricting animal foods. In contrast, the Paleo diet was lower in cereals, dairy products, potatoes, beans, and bakery foods but higher in fruits, vegetables, meat, and eggs compared to the diabetes diet. The strength of this experiment was its cross over design in which all 13 diabetes patients first ate one diet for three months and then crossed over and ate the other diet for three months. Compared to the diabetes diet, the Paleo diet resulted in improved weight loss, waist size, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c (a marker for long term blood glucose control). This experiment represents the most powerful example to date of the Paleo diet’s effectiveness in treating people with serious health problems.
So, now that I have summarized the experimental evidence supporting the health and weight loss benefits of Paleo Diets, I would like to directly respond to the errors in the U.S. News and World Report article.
Obviously, the author of this article did not read either the study by O’Dea (6) or the more powerful three month crossover experiment by Jonsson and colleagues (9) which demonstrated the superior weight loss potential of high protein, low glycemic load Paleo diets. Similar results of high protein, low glycemic load diets have recently been reported in the largest randomized controlled trials ever undertaken in both adults and children. A 2010 randomized trial involving 773 subjects and published in the New England Journal of Medicine (8) confirmed that high protein, low glycemic index diets were the most effective strategy to keep weight off. The same beneficial effects of high protein, low glycemic index diets were dramatically demonstrated in largest nutritional trial, The DiOGenes Study (9), ever conducted in a sample of 827 children. Children assigned to low protein, high glycemic diets became significantly fatter over the 6 month experiment, whereas those overweight and obese children assigned to the high protein, low glycemic nutritional plan lost significant weight.
This comment shows just how uninformed this writer really is. Clearly, this person hasn’t read the following papers (1 – 6) which unequivocally show the therapeutic effects of Paleo Diets upon cardiovascular risk factors.
“And all that fat would worry most experts.”
This statement represents a “scare tactic” unsubstantiated by the data. As I, and almost the entire nutritional community, have previously pointed out, it is not the quantity of fat which increases the risk for cardiovascular disease or cancer, or any other health problem, but rather the quality. Contemporary Paleo Diets contain high concentrations of healthful omega 3 fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids that actually reduce the risk for chronic disease (10-18).
3. “Can it prevent or control diabetes? Unknown.”
Here is another example of irresponsible and biased journalism which doesn’t let the facts speak for themselves. Obviously, the author did not read the study by O’dea (6) or Jonsson et al. (2) which showed dramatic improvements in type 2 diabetics consuming Paleo diets.
“but most diabetes experts recommend a diet that includes whole grains and dairy products.”
If the truth be known, in a randomized controlled trial, 24 8-y-old boys were asked to take 53 g of protein as milk or meat daily (19). After only 7 days on the high milk diet, the boys became insulin resistant. This is a condition that precedes the development of type 2 diabetes. In contrast, In the meat-group, there was no increase in insulin and insulin resistance. Further, in the Jonsson et al. study (2) milk and grain free diets were shown to have superior results in improving disease symptoms in type 2 diabetics. 4. “Are there health risks? Possibly. By shunning dairy and grains, you’re at risk of missing out on a lot of nutrients.”
Once again, this statement shows the writer’s ignorance and blatant disregard for the facts. Because contemporary ancestral diets exclude processed foods, dairy and grains, they are actually more nutrient (vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals) dense than government recommended diets such as the food pyramid. I have pointed out these facts in a paper I published in the American Journal of Nutrition in 2005 (13) along with another paper in which I analyzed the nutrient content of modern day Paleo diets (12 ). Most nutritionists are aware that processed foods made with refined grains, sugars and vegetable oils have low concentrations of vitamins and minerals, but few realized that dairy products and whole grains contain significantly lower concentrations of the 13 vitamins and minerals most lacking in the U.S. diet compared to lean meats, fish and fresh fruit and vegetables (12, 13).
“Also, if you’re not careful about making lean meat choices, you’ll quickly ratchet up your risk for heart problems” . Actually, the most recent comprehensive meta analyses do not show fresh meat consumption whether fat or lean to be a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease (20-25), only processed meats such as salami, bologna, bacon and sausages (20).
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