Cancer and Life Expectancy
Whole health source has a post on mortality rates in an Inuit population from 1822-1836. "Excluding infant mortality, about 25% of their population lived past 60."
Life expectancy in the Inuit-inhabited areas of Canada, 1989 to 2003 "In 1991, life expectancy at birth in the Inuit-inhabited areas was about 68 years, which was 10 years lower than for Canada overall. From 1991 to 2001, life expectancy in the Inuit-inhabited areas did not increase, although it rose by about two years for Canada as a whole."
Cancer patterns in Inuit populations. "Although malignant diseases were believed to be almost non-existent in Inuit populations during the beginning of the 20th century, the increasing life expectancy within these populations showed a distinct pattern, characterised by a high risk of Epstein-Barr virus-associated carcinomas of the nasopharynx and salivary glands, and a low risk of tumours common in white populations, including cancer of the prostate, testis, and haemopoietic system."
The Inuit cancer pattern - The influence of migration "Significant higher risk of cancer of the bladder, breast, prostate gland, skin, brain and stomach was observed among Inuit following migration to Denmark. The SIR was not generally influenced by duration of stay. The high risk of carcinoma of the nasopharynx and salivary glands observed in Inuit populations is maintained after migration to a low incidence area."
Cancer in Circumpolar Inuit 1969-1988
Cancer in Greenlandic Inuit 1973-1997: A cohort study
This William Lands paper has some data suggesting modern Quebec Inuit have low rates of CVD (Figure 2, page 8), about 50% lower than the general rate of CVD in Quebec.
Land's book "Fish and Human Health" and it's update "Fish, Omega-3 and Human" both discuss a number of studies on the Inuit.
Epidemiological studies in the Upernavik district, Greenland. Incidence of some chronic diseases 1950-1974.
"The disease pattern of the Greenlanders differs from that of West-European populations, having a higher frequency of apoplexy and epilepsy but a lower frequency or absence of acute myocardial infarction, diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicosis, bronchial asthma, multiple sclerosis and psoriasis."
Fat metabolism in Alaskan Eskimos "In the Alaskan Eskimos, however, there is a consistently high serum cholesterol, on one hand; repeated clinical surveys, on the other, indicate an almost total absence of cardiovascular-renal diseases in the population."
The bleeding tendency in Greenland Eskimos "Related to this decreased morbidity is the greater bleeding tendency among Greenland Eskimos, summarized by Bang and Dyerberg (1980)."
Fatty acid composition of the plasma lipids in Greenland Eskimos "They [Greenland Eskimo] demonstrated a much higher proportion of palmitic, palmitoleic, and timnodonic acids, while they had a markedly lower concentration of linoleic acid. The total concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids was lower in Greenland Eskimos than in the other groups ... As plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels in Greenland Eskimos in a previous study were found markedly lower than those found in Western populations, and as coronary atherosclerosis seems to occur far less commonly among Eskimos in Greenland than among peoples in industrialized countries, it was found difficult to combine these observations with the results from the present study."