So...with all the Neolithic dietary habit bashing that happens in this site, can anyone tell me what (if any) good things the Neolithic diet brought to the table / flat rock / picnic cloth? Nicer cutlery and crockery don't count, just edible things :)
And just to really mix it up...what about the Mesolithic and post-Neolithic periods (Bronze Age & Iron Age)?
I actually think the neolithic diet is quite good for avoiding acute problems, but quite bad at contributing to chronic ones. If you spend enough time here, you can see that with a paleo diet, there seems to be an increased chance of various types of strange acute reactions due to nutrient deficiencies and the like that the average person wouldn't really encounter. This seems to be far more likely for those going down a low(er) carb route. Heck, I've seen paleo people complain of scurvy.
A fairly diverse neolithic diet won't deliver optimal amounts of all the nutrients, but I think there's a small chance that someone would get none of something. Take dairy for example. If you avoid it, there's precious little bioavailable calcium in a standard paleo diet. Presumably we got Ca and Mg from drinking out of streams in the distant past, but you have to pursue it supplementally in order to avoid a deficiency in the absence of dairy. The answer is simply that we need to be more vigilant about nutrient density.
Coffee with cream and a slice of pecan pie. Good in a sort of tasty evil way that could kill a person of course.
Oh, you wanted a serious answer. Oops.
Domesticated animals - meat readily available. Coffee and tea for those of us who partake.
Domesticated animals that are pastured. Maybe wine (that's arguable). Butter from pastured animals. Maybe olive oil. Coconut oil. Chocolate (contains phytates but high in magnesium...).
Portability. The Neolithic diet allowed humans to live anywhere and survive famines. Stockfish, grains, herding and alcohol (that great preservative of grain and fruit)made it all possible.
Refrigeration came later, allowing vegetarianism and modern paleo life as we know it.
I'm also going to have to call out all the paleo-like treats that can only be grown/raised vary far away from me.
Coffee, Tea, certain spices, cocoa, etc. etc. etc.