Can anyone point me to a good website or book describing the general history of our human ancestors for the past 2 million years, what foods would be available to them and what was likely eaten and for what reasons.
ie, I have read that no seeds have been found in human feces remains until the neolithic era, meaning it is highly unlikely that we ever consumed these until that time. Also, something like 70% plus of foods wouldn't be available either because they were from the new world (tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, etc), or they were too unpalatable in their natural form (broccoli, kale, cauliflower, cabbage, apples etc) and took many years of selective breeding to make edible (I was going to say tasty but besides apples the other things require a heavy dose of sauce or spices to taste good - again making it unlikely they were eaten).
So what was truly available and likely to be eaten by paleo humans? As far as I can see:
- Various meats/fats Fish/Shellfish
- Insects/larvae Eggs Seasonal fruits- that were much less sweet and had far more seeds
- Mushrooms/fungi Onions, any other root vegetables that don't require cooking?
It seems to me that a lot of the Paleo community is still trying to stick with conventional wisdom - that vegetables are ultra healthy. I know natural plants contain toxins because they don't want to be eaten. From what I have heard their nutrients are also poorly absorbed in most cases, sometimes less so when combined with a fat (I can't picture paleo humans doing that). What I'd like to know is what actual vegetables were available, and would they have been eaten due to their taste?
As mentioned above most vegetables today wouldn't be around, or if they were in a very unpalatable form - they would be more bitter and we weren't spicing them or dousing them in sauces. In order to meet our energy requirements, we would have had to had the vast majority of our diet as meat. But this is all my conjecture, can anyone point me to information one way or the other?