Gut health is something we discuss a lot in the paleosphere, and is critically important to our overall health. My question is, what does gut health actually look like? How do we know if we have a problem or not, or how to tell if we are getting better?
How much gas should there be and what should it smell like? I have read reports of there being less odor and less of it total. That said, prebiotic foods get digested by gut bacteria and produce gas as a result, and it seems to be paleo conventional wisdom that feeding the right gut bacteria is a good thing. What are the warning signs here? Primarily smell?
What does a healthy BM look like? Diarrhea seems like an obvious warning sign, but "constipation" is less clear to me. I prefer harder movements that don't require any wiping, but is this actually healthy? Plant intake seems to alter the composition more than anything else - how digested should/can most plant matter be?
Indigestion is another warning sign, though I don't experience that myself. Cramps would be another one.
What are your thoughts and experiences? Is there any solid research about this? Thanks in advance everyone!