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Stephen D Phinney says sodium to potassium ratio should favor sodium ?

by (2407)
Updated about 4 hours ago
Created June 01, 2012 at 5:58 AM

In this article:

http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/1/1/2

"Sodium and potassium The second factor differentiating the author's studies from many others is optimized mineral nutriture, which has benefits for both cardiovascular reserve in the short term and preservation of lean body mass and function over longer time periods. The Inuit people lived much of the year on coastal ice (which is partially desalinated sea water), and much of their food consisted of soup made with meat in a broth from this brackish source of water. When they went inland to hunt, they traditionally added caribou blood (also a rich source of sodium) to their soup. With these empirically derived techniques, the Inuit culture had adapted the available resources to optimize their intakes of both sodium and potassium.

When meat is baked, roasted, or broiled; or when it is boiled but the broth discarded, potassium initially present in the meat is lost, making it more difficult to maintain potassium balance in the absence of fruits and vegetables. Because our research subjects were accustomed to eating meat, fish, and poultry prepared as something other than soup, we chose to give them most of their sodium separately as bouillon and a modest additional supplement of potassium as potassium bicarbonate. With these supplements maintaining daily intakes for sodium at 3???5 g/d and total potassium at 2???3 g/d, our adult subjects were able to effectively maintain their circulatory reserve (ie, allowing vasodilatation during submaximal exercise) and effective nitrogen balance with functional tissue preservation."

I thought ancient man had a sodium to potassium ratio of more like 1:10-16, favoring potassium.

Any ideas?

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1672 · January 11, 2013 at 1:12 AM

+1 from me also.

1a98a40ba8ffdc5aa28d1324d01c6c9f
20353 · June 02, 2012 at 5:15 AM

I upvoted to cancel out...

543a65b3004bf5a51974fbdd60d666bb
4458 · June 02, 2012 at 3:23 AM

oh well never mind, if the person does not leave a reason soon, i'm sure some kind folk will cancel it out

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2407 · June 02, 2012 at 1:26 AM

im one who wants to derive the benefits of ketosis in performance. good anwswer, thanks. i personally am vlc/zc and take 10g of potassium carbonate spread out thru the day, to get my potassium up to @5000mg. my sodium is more like 300mg on days i dont eat seaweed.

F4d991ae6bcc8c23851369ad86fbef7d
2407 · June 02, 2012 at 1:24 AM

completely dont understand the -1 ??? whoever did it, say why! daz, thats the info ive seen too. however orust's answer above makes sense.

543a65b3004bf5a51974fbdd60d666bb
4458 · June 01, 2012 at 11:26 PM

how will i ever learn from my mistakes? :(

543a65b3004bf5a51974fbdd60d666bb
4458 · June 01, 2012 at 11:02 PM

how will i ever learn from my mistakes? :)

77877f762c40637911396daa19b53094
78422 · June 01, 2012 at 6:30 PM

Somebody gave you a -1 but didn't say why. What use is that?

Ddfdaa75ac9f47e01fc71162dd0d38dc
418 · June 01, 2012 at 3:20 PM

Yup, this info is for those who want to derive the benefits of ketosis in performance. If you don't plan to live at 2.0 on the ketone meter, don't worry about it. Volek and Phinney personally stay between 1.25-2.0; at 60 Phinney is still a successful competitive cyclist, racing from Mexico to Canada.

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3 Answers

best answer

E4f858a9178422502c42b9719690e52c
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603 · June 01, 2012 at 9:56 AM

This only applies to ketogenic or VLC diets really. When insulin falls low enough sodium is not retained at the normal rate. Either intake has to increase or the hormone aldosterone steps in to preserve sodium and hence circulating volume. The cost of that is high aldosterone causes low potassium (sodium is reabsorbed from the kidney's filtering system at the expense of potassium), so eating more salt to bypass that mechanism is wiser and will spare potassium too. Relying on aldosterone rather than higher salt intake is the reason for many low carb initiation symptoms.

F4d991ae6bcc8c23851369ad86fbef7d
2407 · June 02, 2012 at 1:26 AM

im one who wants to derive the benefits of ketosis in performance. good anwswer, thanks. i personally am vlc/zc and take 10g of potassium carbonate spread out thru the day, to get my potassium up to @5000mg. my sodium is more like 300mg on days i dont eat seaweed.

Ddfdaa75ac9f47e01fc71162dd0d38dc
418 · June 01, 2012 at 3:20 PM

Yup, this info is for those who want to derive the benefits of ketosis in performance. If you don't plan to live at 2.0 on the ketone meter, don't worry about it. Volek and Phinney personally stay between 1.25-2.0; at 60 Phinney is still a successful competitive cyclist, racing from Mexico to Canada.

543a65b3004bf5a51974fbdd60d666bb
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4458 · June 01, 2012 at 8:53 AM

That does seem to be a bit at odds with other information i have seen

This report; Paleolithic vs. modern diets - selected pathophysiological implications
estimates a potassium intake of 10,500mg/d & sodium as 768mg/d for a Paleolithic human based on 3000 kcal/d, 35 % animal: 65 % plant subsistence. That's a potassium:sodium ratio of nearly 14:1

Even the US DRI's have a ratio in favour of potassium; link to pdf

543a65b3004bf5a51974fbdd60d666bb
4458 · June 01, 2012 at 11:26 PM

how will i ever learn from my mistakes? :(

1a98a40ba8ffdc5aa28d1324d01c6c9f
20353 · June 02, 2012 at 5:15 AM

I upvoted to cancel out...

77877f762c40637911396daa19b53094
78422 · June 01, 2012 at 6:30 PM

Somebody gave you a -1 but didn't say why. What use is that?

543a65b3004bf5a51974fbdd60d666bb
4458 · June 02, 2012 at 3:23 AM

oh well never mind, if the person does not leave a reason soon, i'm sure some kind folk will cancel it out

F4d991ae6bcc8c23851369ad86fbef7d
2407 · June 02, 2012 at 1:24 AM

completely dont understand the -1 ??? whoever did it, say why! daz, thats the info ive seen too. however orust's answer above makes sense.

543a65b3004bf5a51974fbdd60d666bb
4458 · June 01, 2012 at 11:02 PM

how will i ever learn from my mistakes? :)

E253f8ac1d139bf4d0bfb44debd1db21
1672 · January 11, 2013 at 1:12 AM

+1 from me also.

0024dd0bf0195cb9f3974fb2802dd1c5
0
0 · January 10, 2013 at 10:54 PM

Last i checked the inuit are only a thousand years old, hardly 'paleo' and last i checked had problems with severe atherosclerosis and osteoporosis with a life expectancy of under 40 years of age.

until the end of the paleolithic humanity was stuck on africa, a VERY sodium poor and potassium rich continent, why then would we evolve to have a reliance on a very scarce mineral and need it in greater amounts ratio-wise to something found practically everywhere?

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